Resiliency Scales for Children and Children

A critical assessment

Katie Waghorn

West Virginia University

03 14, 2014

Author's Be aware

This paper was well prepared for COUN 505 taught by Doctor Tina Walsh Introduction

Strength is a intricate construct numerous definitions. Most often, resilience can be explained as one's ability to " jump back” by an adverse condition. It is " interactive and contextual” (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013, pg. 19). Yet , some believe that resiliency is known as a personality attribute. There is some aversion to the use of resiliency, however , as it provides the impression that many are better than others. Resilience is applicable to both equally adults and children. This paper is going to focus on the childhood element of resilience. Over the years, it has been a subject of interest among researchers as to how several children are able to overcome adversity and thrive, while others go through psychological and physical relax. As a result, much of the early research carried out about resilience viewed " 3 sets of factors implicated inside the development of resilience: (1) advantages of the children themselves, (2) areas of their families, and (3) qualities of their wider social environments” (Vanderbilt-Adriance & Shaw, 2008, pg. 31). Recently, research has shifted from identifying key characteristics of resilient kids to understanding how these factors affect a child's capacity to handle adversity. Despite considerable research about them, there is nonetheless controversy more than how to apply these conclusions for useful use. This could be contributed to the very fact that earlier research utilized multiple checks across distinct populations. According to Prince-Embury & Saklofske (2013), " the research-based tools employed in previous research have generally been improper for wide-spread use in the schools and neighborhoods because they are also labor intensive, pricey, or dedicated to presence or absence of psychiatric symptoms” (pg. 13). As a result, there is a difficulty amongst analysts to effectively measure strength and measure the need for precautionary techniques. Because an answer to the void of assessment tools being more " field-friendly, ” The Resiliency Weighing scales for Children and Adolescents (RSCA) is a great assessment device developed specifically for assessing the private resilience/resiliency in children (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013, pg. 19). Reason

As previously stated, the main topic of resilience has been one of interest among various researchers. The problem with resiliency is that no one has been able to completely come to a summary on a classification. However , many agree that a child must have been exposed to large levels of adversity and had a good outcome, or perhaps adaptive working. Otherwise, a young child would not be considered resilient (Vanderbilt-Adriance & Shaw, 2008, pg. 31). The other issue with assessing strength is that research workers are uncertain whether to focus on resilience, resiliency, or that they interact (Prince- Embury & Saklofske, 2013). Prince-Embury & Saklofske (2013) believes that focusing on personal experience maintenance tasks the issues available because knowledge decides what sort of child's protecting factors have an effect on a positive result (pg, 20). Therefore , " the RSCA provides an evaluation of 3 previously recognized attributes of personal resiliency and is based on personal experience reflective of three core developing systems: Impression of Competence, Sense of Relatedness, and Emotional Reactivity and the romantic relationship of these factors to one another " (Prince-Embury & Saklofske, 2013, pg. 20).

Perception of Competence is a core attribute of personal strength and is also associated with self-efficacy, optimism and adaptability. The basic theory behind this attribute is that " a feeling of competence, competence, or efficacy is influenced by an innate curiosity, which is intrinsically rewarding and the source of problem-solving skills” (Prince-Embury, 2010, pg, 293). Consequently , having a perception of control may enable a child to...

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